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Menopause – why it occurs and what the symptoms are

Menopause is a scientific name for the last menstruation in a woman’s life. Menopause is preceded by perimenopause. It is a time when the oestrogen production starts to change, the pituitary gland slows down, and the ovaries stop releasing egg cells over time, which makes it impossible for the woman to conceive. Women enter menopause between the age of 45 and 55. The perimenopausal period usually starts around 5-10 years before menopause and marks the beginning of declining fertility.

Perimenopausal period

The main symptoms of the perimenopausal period include irregular menstruations. Your period bleeding can be heavier, as – due to hormonal deficiencies and anovulatory cycles – the endometrium becomes thicker. Low oestrogen levels are also responsible for hot flushes and cold sweating because it disturbs the thermoregulatory centre. Low levels of this hormone can also cause sleep disorders and irritation as well as reduced concentration and memory disorders. Perimenopause is also associated with reduced testosterone responsible for libido, leading to no mood for sex, which can be particularly hard for the partner. The hormonal therapy can offer a rescue. Depending on the severity of menopause and doctor’s recommendations, hormones can be used, that is oestrogen and progesterone in different configurations.

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