period

Feminine matters

PMS - Premenstrual Syndrome

Premenstrual Syndrome occurs in the cycle’s second half, once the fertile days are over but before the start of menstruation. It is mainly characterized by irritation, sadness, aggression, depressive moods, increased sensitivity and even a tendency to cry, exhaustion, over-sensitive breasts, skin efflorescences, bloating and many other symptoms which are both mental and somatic.

Premenstrual Syndrome occurs in the cycle’s second half, once the fertile days are over but before the start of menstruation.It is mainly characterized by irritation, sadness, aggression, depressive moods, increased sensitivity and even a tendency to cry, exhaustion, over-sensitive breasts, skin efflorescences, bloating and many other symptoms which are both mental and somatic.PMS, where does it come from?The main reason is the ovulation cycle which is accompanied by the decreased amount of hormones produced by ovaries in the second half of the cycle, the so-called luteal phase. During this phase of the cycle, there are probably also disturbances in the functioning of neurotransmitter receptors, especially serotonergic pathways which influence our mood. Hence, proneness to PMS may be an individual predisposition dependent on the proneness to hormonal changes, a genetic predisposition or be dependent on the functioning of neurotransmitter receptors. Unfortunately, no medication has yet been developed which would eradicate the symptoms of PMS completely.In extreme cases, when the symptoms intensify and significantly impede our everyday functioning, PMS is treated with anti-depressants. Diet and exercise are amongst the natural remedies for PMS. The symptoms of PMS will be eased by group B vitamins, try to eat wholegrain bread, nuts and eggs (mostly egg yolks), bananas and spinach as much as you can. Another vitamin which might be your ally in the fight with PMS is vitamin E. You can find it in nuts, sunflower, avocado or olive oil. The symptoms of PMS are also eased by magnesium and potassium. Magnesium has a toning influence on our nervous system. We can supply it to our body by eating brown rice, peanuts, almonds and dark chocolate (with the minimum cocoa content of 70%). The main sources of potassium are tomatoes and bananas. Potassium regulates the body’s water balance that is why it decreases the hip circumference which is characteristically increased during PMS. During PMS, try not to eat too much salt which retains water in the body. Try to reduce cholesterol which increases the production of oestrogen the amount of which in the second half of the cycle is excessive anyway. Limit the intake of alcohol which impede the absorption of vitamins and minerals necessary to ease the PMS. Avoid coffee and tea which may intensify nervousness. Take care of yourself! During PMS, it is worth paying attention to activities which are pleasant to you and will also intensify the growth of endorphins - taking part in sports activities may be soothing in the second half of the cycle. Try not to over strain your body and to save your strength. 

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